Serie of seminars on Chemical applications to solve energy problems

02 Apr 2019 - 02 Apr 2019


04:00 PM – 05:30 PM

The seminars by Prof. Marc Fontecave, Member of the French Academy of Science will be held at USTH on April 2 and April 4, 2019.

The seminars are organized on the occasion of the visit of Prof. Marc Fontecave to USTH, within the framework of the cooperation agreement signed on October, 2018 between USTH and College de France to promote and support the training and research activities at the University.

Prof. Marc Fontecave is a French outstanding scientist, especially in the field of chemistry and advanced materials to solve energy problems and improve human health. During more than 3 decades doing scientific research, he has held many important positions in high-level research institutions of France and Europe, such as Chairman of the Paris Science council, Vice President of the France-Sweden Research Association, member of the National Committee of Scientific Research, member of the Administration Board, Institut de Physique du Globe, Paris, as well as more than 20 important positions in scientific councils, research institutes and laboratories.

In 2005, Prof Marc Fontecave was elected as a member of French Academy of Science, the supreme academic French council. Since 2009, he has held the position of Professor at College de France, the oldest and most prestigious research organization in France. In addition, he also is the President of the Foundation of College de France and a senior member of the French University Institute (IUF).

During his career, Prof. Marc Fontecave has received many prestigious scientific awards, including the Policart-Lacassagne award for outstanding scientists the French Academy of Sciences (1996), the Silver Medal of the Nation Center of Scientific Research CNRS (2004), the Achille Le Bel Award, French Chemical Society (2012). In particular, to honor his valuable contributions in research and education, French Government awarded Prof. Marc Fontecave the National Medal, and most recently, the Legion of Honor, the highest french Honor of merit for individuals / organizations with special contributions to the country.

Prof. Marc Fontecave’s current research interest focus on the structure and reactivity of metal centers being present in metalloproteins. His research may have applications in the field of chemistry (selective catalysts), health (anticancer, antioxidants), environment (bioremediation, green chemistry) and energy (hydrogen production and conversion of carbon dioxide).
 
poster Marc Fontecave distinguished

The serie included 2 seminars with the detailed information as followed:

Seminar 1: Chemistry and Energy Issues: Fuels from water, carbon dioxide and sun
Time: 16:00-17:30, April 2nd, 2019
Location: Room 502, A21 Building, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology of Hanoi, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Ha Noi.
For registration: https://forms.gle/YohEqqa7AnSC1aua7 

The increase in energy consumption by humanity, the limitations in fossil fuels and the emission of large quantities of carbon dioxide on earth requests a technological revolution towards a new world based on renewable sources of energy, the main one being solar energy. This revolution will be possible only if great investments are made to support scientific and technological research. In this seminar we will describe the current energetic situation, the major challenges, the potential of solar energy and the technologies to convert it into electricity (photovoltaics); as well as to store it either through water splitting to produce hydrogen or via photosynthesis and biomass or via conversion of CO2 into useful organic compounds. We will in particular emphasize the crucial role of basic and applied chemistry in these technological developments and in the practical achievement of that revolution.

Seminar 2: Artificial enzymes: Application to Hydrogen Production
Time: 16:00-17:30, April 4th, 2019
Location: Room 901, A21 Building, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology of Hanoi, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Ha Noi.
For registration: https://forms.gle/YohEqqa7AnSC1aua7 

Water splitting into oxygen and hydrogen is a key strategy for storing renewable and intermittent energies, such as solar energy, into chemical energy (the energy in chemical bonds). Development of this technology requests cheap, stable and efficient catalysts. Heterogeneous solid as well as homogeneous molecular catalysts have been extensively explored during the last 20 years. Also, fascinating enzymes such as hydrogenases have been studied but these enzymes are very difficult to prepare in pure form as their production depends on complex maturation machineries and they are extremely sensitive to oxygen. Therefore, these enzymes might not be appropriate for future technological development. Thus a number of laboratories are currently developing artificial hydrogenases, via anchoring a synthetic molecular catalyst into a protein host. This strategy combines attractive features of both molecular and enzymatic catalysis. The protein environment might give the synthetic catalysts a new dimension, favoring catalysis: greater water solubility, greater activity and greater stability. Furthermore such hybrid systems enjoy easier preparation, tunability via both mutagenesis of the protein and synthetic variations of the catalyst  and greater stability in particular with respect to O2. The recent achievements regarding such artificial hydrogenases, including from our laboratory, will be presented.